Brief introduction of Force-weighing scales and spring scale


Force measuring scales are the earliest designs of spring scales which are being used for measuring purposes from 1700s. This design was made in 1770 by Richard Salter who was an early scale maker. They were used widely in England after 1840 when R.W Winfield invented the candlestick scale for getting the weight of letters and packages. It was the same time when the uniform penny post was introduced. These proved better for workers of the postal office because this way they were able to work faster and didn’t have to weight to balance, and can get instant results.
In 1940s many other devices were attached to them to get more correct answers. In the late nineteenth century load cells which were small nodes used to convert the pressure to a digital signal begun to be used they were not as accurate till than to be used common purposes.
The spring scale shows the measurements by the difference at which the spring to by the force of the object, which is very much opposite to balance scale that tells the result by using a sample weight on the arm of the scale. It measure tension force of restricting the acting on the object, opposite the local force of the gravity. It can be adjusted to measure force and translate to mass at earth’s gravity. The object can hanged with the spring or put on the pivot. If the spring is a hanging one it will stretch or in other case it will compress. Scale with hanging spring can be used in grocery store and which compresses are known as bathroom scales. Hooke’s law states that the hardness of the pull of the spring is proportional to its stretchiness. Weighing scales use spring with a spring constant and the gravitational force functional by the object tells the measurement of the displacement of spring. To convert the linear spring motions to a dial reading rack and pinion mechanism are being used.
These scales can have two errors which are not possible in balance, first is that they get the result through the gravitational force of the earth so results can be different on a different location on earth. The other error depends on the temperature because it affects the stretchiness of the spring. To make them worth, they needed to be placed on a proper place with proper set up and can be best for commerce. To remove the error of temperature it can be placed on a location with constant temperature or have the springs which are temperature-compensated. That way these scale will be commerce-legal.